Monday, June 29, 2020
Comparing The School for Scandal and Lord ChesterfieldÃ¢â¬â¢s letters to his son has provided an interesting venture into the society from over two hundred years ago, representing society and their expectations. Brinsley recognizes the issues in the society and uses satire to exhibit the members of society and their faults. Ridiculing the characters using the satirical modes, Brinsley uses his play as an education and using satire providing a comedic viewpoint to the play. The play has a genre specific title as a comedy of manners with contradictions of character expectations and the actual reality. Lord Chesterfield has contributed to an intriguing comparison, ChesterfieldÃ¢â¬â¢s letters were a set of guidelines that allowed a look inside the expectations of those who held positions in society and how they themselves justified their controversial behavior. The contrast between Chesterfield and Brinsley as authors gives viewpoints from a variant of judgments: Brinsley as a satiri st with an intent to entertain and humor and Chesterfield providing a list of strict and efficient guidelines to those whom he believed needed to know. There is an evident difference in the two: with the play an instrument to provide wistful reflection on the individual and another a collection of letters sent to educate the receiver on the expectations of society and how to adapt to societies way of life. Sheridan has written the play in a style that is an accurate reflection of the lives of the upper class and their society which is essentially true. The play is written with an intention to raise questions about the gossip and slander that served as the foundation for the society. With an intent to educate the audience on the ability of gossip and lies, and its capability to cause havoc, Sheridan used the characters as examples of falseness and as a reflective tool for the audience to recognize their own faults. Dominating conversation were lies that could ruin the individuals character within seconds due to the quick-fire nature of the gossip and its ability to spread. Sheridan adapted the satirical mode of lampooning to his writing to ridicule the characters in a snide, witty and derogatory manner, by lampooning a method of comedy writing that can occur meanwhile allowing the correct message to be efficiently delivered. Conversations between Sir Benjamin Backbite and Crabtree Ã¢â¬ ËMr. Surface I did not mean to hurt you (Ã¢â¬ ¦) undone as ever man wasÃ¢â¬â¢. The two characters are embroiled in a complete contradiction, an intentional use of lampoon by Brinsleys to mock the characters for their behavior and to highlight their stupidity in the situation they have involved themselves in. Despite his earlier declaration that he had no intent to cause upset to the individual Backbite later refers to the man in a spiteful tone as somebody who was Ã¢â¬Ëundone as ever a man was.Ã¢â¬â¢ Sheridan further satirizes Lady Sneerwell, using irony to highlight the follies of herself and the society she revolves around she declares humor in a situation that is cruel to those who are the subject of the slander. Ã¢â¬ËHa, ha, ha! Tis very hard for them to leave a subject they have not quite run downÃ¢â¬â¢. Lady Sneerwell finds comedy in the humiliation of the people they have targeted. The characterization of the individual as the Ã¢â¬ËsubjectÃ¢â¬â¢, takes away the humanity of the person they are simply a subject of entertainment and humiliation. This is a portrait of society by Sheridan to show how people can become warped on opinion, an opinion that has an intent to cause malice simply to provide others with entertainment. There are parallels between the two, with both Sheridan and Brinsley describing societies influence with great depth and understanding. However, Sheridan has satirized society with an intent to educate on its ills whereas Chesterfield begins to write a list to educate on societies standards and how to abide them. Ã¢â¬ËLittle trifling objects (Ã¢â¬ ¦) as parts, which conspire to form that whole (Ã¢â¬ ¦) exterior of a man of fashion, they are importanceÃ¢â¬â¢.  Chesterfield represents himself as a voice of society and its expectation and the language in his work is a representation of this. The language creates an almost imperative tone for the reader to follow such instructions. There are comparisons to be made between Chesterfield and Lady Sneerwell both of their opinions revolve around their society and societies expectations with Sneerwell expressing the same strict standards on manners as Chesterfield Ã¢â¬ËShe certainly has talents but her manner is grossÃ¢â¬â¢. Both have views that presentation can determine perception of an individual and if an individual does not present themselves with complete manners they are not worthy and therefore are worthy of humiliation. Sheridan acknowledges the importance of public perception and politeness of the individual. The satirical playwright attempts through the aspect of comedy rather than to tear down the character but to inspire a change in the character and the decisions they make and in fact the audienceÃ¢â¬â¢s perception of themselves. The characters that inhabit the play are stuck in a world of manners and the falsities of them. Mrs Candour is satirized for the falsities of her manors and character. Brindley begins with her last name, the quality of Candour is somebody that beholds purity, integrity and innocence.  Mrs Candour serves as a complete contradiction to her name, with Sheridan using satire to create a contradiction between Mrs Candours expected nature and the contradiction she is. Mrs CandourÃ¢â¬â¢s reputation serves as a gossip who can make slander spread at an effective rate removing the respectability someone of her position would have. Ã¢â¬ËBut, lord, do you think I would rep ort these things? No, no: tale-bearers Ã¢â¬Ë.  The ironic nature of Mrs CandourÃ¢â¬â¢s actions as somebody who supposedly opposes gossip: yet she takes substantial enjoyment in spreading such things. This is an intentional paradox on SheridanÃ¢â¬â¢s behalf to show the unstable standards of eighteenth-century upper-class people. Candour has no admittance in her own behavior however she makes little attempt to stop the slander and its possibility of ruining somebodies character simply stating that people will talk there is one preventing itÃ¢â¬â¢. Despite the way these women proclaim to hold no penchant for gossip and uphold utter politeness they are a complete contradiction to this encouraging the gossip to spread. Sheridan takes a moralistic stance with the play standing as encouragement of reflection on manners and false nature. With an implicit endorsement on the politeness of the individual and the lack of in characters such as Ladies Candour and Sneerwell. SheridanÃ¢â¬â¢s ability to borrow from the sentimental comedy tradition that carries on through literature that is evident in his portrayal of such characters. He adapts the mode of humor by using satire however he does not always rely on the traditional Horation mode of satire using multiple. Horace used satire in a way that the voice is amusing and witty, allowing ridicule the silly aspects of human nature with an aim to bring the audience or reader to a point of enjoyment at their expense.  Sheridan wrote the play with an initial concern to show the domestic aspects of the society rather the normal focus on politics which allows the folly of the men whom typically held the respect of those observing them be removed. Adopting a mode of satire that had some certain elements of the Juvenalian satirical way of writing that had: certain attacking speeches upon certain characters and their behavior. The mode of satire attaches to a statement of realism in the point they are making to the audience with the lack of authenticity. Lord ChesterfieldÃ¢â¬â¢s letters to his son, demonstrates the importance of manners to the society and how impoliteness can be the downfall of an individual and their reputation. Although, Chesterfield does not use the satirical mode that Sheridan has chosen to adopt he adds a layer to social politeness by including the presentation of the individual. Manners are recognized similarly Sheridan as an expression of the individuals status, however, Chesterfield goes as far to say that Ã¢â¬Ëfrequent and loud laughter is the characteristic of folly and ill manners (Ã¢â¬ ¦) there is nothing so illiberal, and so ill-bred as audible laughter. There is a similarity between Chesterfield and the characters of The School for Scandal. Chesterfield continues his opinions on presentation because it serves another element to be judged allowing opinion to Ã¢â¬Ëdescend still lower to your dress, cleanliness, and care of your person.Ã¢â¬â¢ Chesterfield recognizes societies capacity to judge on manners and as an extension of manners physical presentation: with hygiene becoming noticeable within societies standards with things such as A dirty mouth has real ill consequences to the owner () it is very offensive to his acquaintances'. The importance of the perception is evident to both Sheridan and Chesterfield who appreciate the impor tance of manners and how society focuses on the attributes of manners. From looking later into Chesterfields other letters to his son he begins to look at manners measured in an intellectual capacity going as far to say it that grammar essential to the success of the person and their social standing. Ã¢â¬â¢I must tell you, too, that orthography, in the true sense of the word, is absolutely necessary for a person of letters.Ã¢â¬â¢ Recognition of manners is key to success in society and it is a multitude of manners one should understand to allow success to prosper. In The School for Scandal, Richard Brinsley Sheridan uses satire to replicate the social situation of Eighteenth-Century London. Although different in both genre and message, there can be parallels drawn between the two by the language both have sneering tones with an intent to upset. However, one text uses it as an ironic statement the other as an educational piece with an attempt to prevent malice. Using characters like Lady Sneerwell and Sir Benjamin Backbite Sheridan reveals the malicious nature of the inhabitants of high society whose entertainment is the downfall of others due to gossip and slander. From the beginning of the play, the capability of gossip is evident with the destruction it causes. However, there is the standard of manners that is expected to be upheld, yet this is something that is not upheld by the members themselves. Embroiled in every other individuals business, the characters manipulate situations into a scandal that can cause the downfall of a reputation. Sheridan wrote the play with an intent to educate the individual through humor, by combining the comedy with the slanderous situation it allows the audience to enjoy the contradiction. Lord Chesterfield provides a different viewpoint than Sheridan because rather than an observer of the society is he is part of it. Chesterfield adds a layer to the social politeness which is the physical presentation of the individual through their: believing that the two work in tandem allowing a perfect portrayal of society preventing such slander from spreading. The distinctive voice that is provided by Chesterfield because of his obvious position in high society, provides a viewpoint into the nucleus of society and its inner workings. Both provide a distinctively different voice and allow exploration into the society through the texts. Overall, the two texts had similarities and differences, with both providing help into understanding the others message because of the difference of viewpoints.  Richard Brinsley Sheridan, The School for Scandal, ed. by Michael Cordner (Oxford: Oxford Worlds Classics, 2008), p. 219  Richard Brinsley Sheridan, The School for Scandal, p219  Richard Brinsley Sheridan, The School for Scandal, p215  Chesterfield, Philip Dormer Stanhope, Dear Boy: Lord ChesterfieldÃ¢â¬â¢s Letters to his Son p98  Richard Brinsley Sheridan, The School for Scandal, p210  http://www.oed.com/view/Entry/27009?redirectedFrom=Candour  Richard Brinsley Sheridan, The School for Scandal, p215  Richard Brinsley Sheridan, The School for Scandal, p214.  Satire Terms, Nku.Edu, 2017 [accessed 29 December 2016].  Chesterfield, Philip Dormer Stanhope, Dear Boy: Lord ChesterfieldÃ¢â¬â¢s Letters to his Son. (London: Bantam, 1989) p100  Ibid,p100  Chesterfield, Philip Dormer Stanhope, Dear Boy: Lord ChesterfieldÃ¢â¬â¢s Letters to his Son p98-99  Chesterfield, Philip Dormer Stanhope, Dear Boy: Lord ChesterfieldÃ¢â¬â¢s Letters to his Son. (London: Bantam, 1989) p75
Tuesday, May 26, 2020
The Basics of Argumentative Essay There are a lot of forms of essays, it isn't difficult to eliminate an eye on all your writing assignments. For this reason, you should write your essay in the easiest language. Therefore, if you don't find out how to compose an argumentative essay or need some superior argumentative essay topics, you're always welcome to take up our expert services. The professor who assigned your argumentative essay prompt wants to be aware of what the essay is all about at first glance and not need to read a lengthy introduction that doesn't contain anything useful. Understanding how to both structure and compose a high high quality essay of an argumentative format is just one of the helpful skills. Most often, you should cite a single essay found in a group. You might come across essays online, which are likely published on a site or as an element of an on-line journal or magazine. To start with, you will want to understand what an argumentative essay is. College is viewed as a place of freedom and parties and that won't change anytime soon. Additionally, as soon as a student doesn't get the suggested amount of sleep, they are more vulnerable to a feeling of being run down, or sluggish. When faced with adversity throughout the day, he will tend to become angry with the situation a lot more easily. Students in college just don't know the real danger of repeated sleep loss, and it's concerning. Things You Won't Like About Argumentative Essay and Things You Will Just like there are several kinds of essay, there are numerous kinds of thes is statement. Do not pick a thesis statement that you cannot defend especially one which is inarguable. Because a thesis is quite crucial, it's likely a great plan to take a look at some suggestions on how to bring together a strong thesis. Your document also needs to be double-spaced. The 30-Second Trick for Argumentative Essay Your paragraph needs to have a topic sentence and one piece of textual proof to support your opinion. No matter what the matter is, if you discover that it's interesting then you might be in a position to expand on it and select a place to argue. From time to time, however, an write-up is offered by means of an organization or a news services. The article itself should deal with problem, not promote how wonderful you're. Regardless of what academic assignment you do, you always have to use the title page, and that means you simply can't afford to generate any mistakes here! If you mention the author in a sentence, only place the page number in par entheses at the conclusion of the sentence. Click the Align Center icon in order for your title is going to be centered. Title You should put the title of your paper in the middle of the webpage. The Battle Over Argumentative Essay and How to Win It Each time you've got a new paragraph, you should start it using a half-an-inch indentation. The set of guidelines about how to compose an essay in MLA format is going to be discussed in the subsequent paragraphs. Preparing an MLA format paper, you want to stay with the established formatting guidelines. Otherwise, the formatting is left up to you. Becoming able to compose an essay is a crucial part of any educational system, but simply listing ideas in a linear fashion might not always be sufficient. Motivation is that push all of us require to be prosperous. The persuasive essay is about changing somebody's mind. In the event the task is to produce an English argumentative essay to produce the grade, everything is accomplished in a suitable way. The easiest way to get started writing a guide is to break it into three crucial ingredients. Argumentative Essay Options The moment the writer is appointed, they begin working on your essay based on the requirements you have specified in your purchase. Our American writers have the ability to take on any document effortlessly. First, the authors last name needs to be provided. If, in case, there are plenty of authors to be cited, then they are sometimes put in alphabetical order. With your essay formulating specialists, you are going to be surefire of a paper which enables you to understand more regarding the tools in addition to their health rewards in the modern contemporary society. It is possible to even upload any information that's vital to your MLA paper model through our cellul ar site. When you submit your paper, make certain to keep a safe copy. Without it, there isn't any paper.
Tuesday, May 19, 2020
Thesis: Although Napoleon Bonaparte had a lot of success throughout his career, he had many disasters happen to him as well that negatively affected France and many other European nations. Due: January 11, 2016 Option #1 Although Napoleon Bonaparte had a lot of success throughout his career, he had many disasters happen to him as well that negatively affected France and many other European nations. At first, he was viewed as a hero in FranceÃ¢â¬â¢s eyes after helping them win the Battle of Fulton against Great Britain. Soon after, he made mistake after mistake which caused him to not be viewed as a hero anymore. He eventually caused so much trouble that he was sent into exile. Napoleon Bonaparte was born into a middle-class family inÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦The new government he established was called The Consulate. A publicist is then held which Napoleon is named the leader for life. His title then becomes Consul. Napoleon then wrote the Napoleonic Code which fixed a lot of issues lower class French people were looking for a resolution for. Now, there was no privileges of birth, freedom of religion, Public education for men, and all men were equal. Shortly after Napoleon is named Consul, he sold the Louisiana Territory in the North America to the United States in order to raise money for his army. This helps France a lot and put the United States on good terms with France. Despite this major gain in funds, France loses the pivotal Battle of Trafalgar against Great Britain. France lost mainly because Great Britain had one of the strongest navies in the world. This would also really help Great Britain in a blockade that France set up later on. In 1806, Napoleon entered the German city of Berlin and conquered it. At this point, France had conquered a good portion of Western Europe and Napoleon was at the peak of his career. Now only Great Britain stood in FranceÃ¢â¬â¢s way of making a great empire. Instead of attacking Great Britain directly, France set up a naval blockade around it to starve them into surrendering and also set up an embargo on British products that all of FranceÃ¢â¬â¢s allies had to comply with. This was called the
Friday, May 15, 2020
World War I was a horrific experience for all of those involved because of the extremely high casualty rates. It was even more devastating for those that found themselves on the losing end of the war, including Germany. Post-war Germany went through a major socialist revolution. One which led to the formation of various communist political systems. Due to the establishment of the Weimar Republic, these politically radical arrangements faltered and dissipated. Soon after its enactment, the Weimar Republic was forced to sign a rigorously binding treaty by the Allied powers. This treaty that was imposed is known as the Treaty of Versailles. Among its ironclad constituents was a clause where Germany was required to accept completeÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Their intentions included ridding the gaps between religious and social classes, learning how to be the ultimate leader, tolerance of violence against Jews, and discrimination against nations that gained territory at Germanys expense. These sub goals were meant to ensure a Ã¢â¬Å"cultureÃ¢â¬ that depicted Nazism and national pride. Scholars for many years have argued that Nazi propaganda was a sure successor in gaining German support, but recently this argument has been scrutinized. After analyzing many articles and journals, it is clear that the third Reich had failed in their attempts to mobilize public opinion through propaganda. They were unable to mobilize the opinion of multiple social classes that Adolf Hitler was clearly aiming to sway, which results in failure according to his definition of success that will be later analyzed. Scholars including Nicholas OÃ¢â¬â¢Shaughnessy argue that the Nazi regime was successful in selling Nazism as the Ã¢â¬Å"Nazi brandÃ¢â¬ through propaganda. According to OÃ¢â¬â¢Shaughnessy, Hitler did not believe that Germany could win the war through military efforts alone, and were required to use propaganda to solicit support and aid in this victory (57). His propaganda was segmented, anti-Semitic, managed, creative, and steeped in manipulation. The propaganda that the Nazi Party propagated was flexible to the extent that they were able to maneuver successfully around any new event that were to surface by creating new arguments related to
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Blog 16 Ã¢â¬â Remaining inside the law when you play online casino games Online casino gaming is a lot of fun, with all the thrills and spills of the latest games working wonders to entertain people. However, across Europe and around the world for that matter, the legalities of online casino play still have plenty of people baffled. As the confusion continues to reign regarding legal matters, the following blog should help clear up a few matters related to such. What the Internet has done has worked to bring countries together; individuals from all around the world can now access online casinos from seemingly anywhere. This has raised plenty of important questions when it comes to the industry, how do you know if an online is operatingÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Outside of the nationÃ¢â¬â¢s legal status, the online casino itself needs to be operating legally. This comes about through governmental or regulatory body approval. Before you sign-up to an online casino you need to confirm several different things: Ã¢â¬ ¢ The casino must show that it is abiding by country laws related to online gambling. Ã¢â¬ ¢ The casino must be approved by a well-known governing body. Ã¢â¬ ¢ The casino must show that it segregates player accounts from company funds. While the above factors are considered essential from a legal standpoint, it also works to confirm their legitimacy in the eyes of the player. Before you start playing anywhere you should make sure that you do the following: Ã¢â¬ ¢ Check that as a player you fall within your countryÃ¢â¬â¢s laws to gamble. Ã¢â¬ ¢ Always read the terms and conditions attached to your online casino, to make sure you have a legal understanding of the service that they are offering. Ã¢â¬ ¢ Seek out reviews (such as ones found on an online casino portal) before signing up to confirm the nature and reputation of an online casino. Online casino gaming is currently legal in most of Europe, Latin America, Asia, and the Caribbean, along with South Africa and New Zealand. Online casino gaming is currently partly prohibited in Hong Kong, Australia and the United States. Remember that (along with all the above) and you should be able to gamble legally and safely. Blog 17 Ã¢â¬â The ins and outs of online casino VIPShow MoreRelatedOnline Gambling And Online Casino1782 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesWhat can players expect more of when it comes to online casino gaming in 2016? Considering itÃ¢â¬â¢s January, it is no shock to see that online casino industry analysts are clambering over themselves to issue predictions for the upcoming 12 months. While some of the predictions are obvious, it seems that some online casino operators are focussing more on what players want. Speaking on the matter, we have headed to both the polls and the online casino portals to discover exactly what that is. 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In the United States the legal age to gamble is 21 in most casinos and in some Indian casinos the legal age is 18. There are many ways to gamble there are casinos, online gambling and even home gambling with family or friendsRead MoreHow Gambling Has Become The Favorite Distraction Of Americans1179 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesGambling has become the favorite distraction of Americans and could very well be the world s oldest pastime with the dollars spent doubling since 2006 from $57 billion to $116.9 billion in 2016 (Pempus 1; Vacek 1; Finger 1) . Those dollars have been divided between traditional gambling, from brick and mortar casinos such as the Bellagio in Las Vegas, Nevada and Mill Bay Casino in Manson, Washington to Cashman Casino, myKONAMI, and Slotmania, th e most downloaded online application (app) of 2012Read MoreOnline Gambling Enforcement Act Of 20061203 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesthe explosion of online casino gambling swept the world. The United States had been a large part of this, and many gamblers had turned to online casinos for all of their gaming. For many years, these casinos continued to be played unabated. Unfortunately, back in 2006, legislation was passed that made it slightly difficult for online casinos to continue to operate. This legislation, sneaked in by piggyback through the Safe Port Act, would be named the Unlawful Internet Gambling Enforcement Act, andRead MoreArticle On Online Casino Games1574 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesArticle 25 Ã¢â¬â Online casino game developers to watch in 2015 If you love playing online casino games, there are plenty of reasons to get excited about 2015. Current software developers are working round the clock to raise the bar in terms of fun and quality, but it isnÃ¢â¬â¢t just the names you recognize that is pushing the online casino industry forward. Brand new software developers are seemingly starting up monthly, and with these new companies come brand new casino games and game technology. WhileRead MoreHow Online Gambling Is The Legal And Development Insights Right Here Essay1464 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesHow to Make a Gambling Website? Considering to launch an online gambling business? Get to know all the legal and development insights right here. Online gaming and gambling industry is ripe and striving. The estimated global revenues are predicted to hit $56.8 billion by 2018. If you are planning to start a gambling website, there might be no better time than now. However, before you consider creating a betting website or hiring a gambling website development company to do the job for you, you
DeAngles, M. (2015). National Electronic Health Record Network Regulation and Synchronization of National and State Privacy Laws Needed to Increase Efficiency and Reduce Costs in Healthcare. Journal Of Legal Medicine, 36(3/4), 413-419. doi:10.1080/01947648.2015.1262194 The article focuses on the privacy laws associated with electronic health records (EHRs) and need to increase efficiency and cost reduction in healthcare. It explains that the federal government should regulate a national network of EHRs to minimize waste associated with the current EHR framework of fragmented networks to maximize the cost saving effect of EHR, thereby greatly reducing costs in healthcare nationwide. The article discusses how healthcare providers shouldÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Journal Of Law, Medicine Ethics, 4142-45. doi:10.1111/jlme.12037 Millions of Americans are affected by pain and opiate-based prescription painkillers account for significant morbidity and mortality in the U.S. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, prescription painkiller overdose has reached epidemic proportions over the past decade. This article explores the focus on inadequate treatment of pain in the U.S. and the subsequent rise of prescription painkiller abuse, misuse, and overdoses. States have increasingly used their authority to address inappropriate prescribing by establishing and strengthening prescription drug monitoring programs, regulating pain management facilities, and establishing dosage thresholds above which a consult with a pain specialist is required. Although prescription painkillers are an issue, providers want the freedom to use their clinical decision-making to treat patients, and some feel these new requirements are over-regulating the practice of medicine. Marks, J. H. (2011). On Regularity and Regulation, Health Claims and Hype. Hastings Center Report, 41(4), 11-12. The article discusses the regulations of the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and the U.S. Federal Trade Commission (FTC) on health claims and structure/function claims of food products. It explains that the FDA approves a health claim that is supported by
Question: Discuss about the Information Technology Risk Management of Contingency Plans. Answer: Introduction Contingency plans are those whose outcomes are not prepared for. Hence a contingency plan keeps an organization step ahead for disaster management. The disaster could be both man-made and environmental and creates security holes in the organization (Vacca, 2013). Hence this report aims to identify the information security contingencies for helping various organizations. The report contains the security contingencies that have been defined by the NSW government. The diagram for understanding the contingencies have been developed with the help of Visio. Further, detailed information about the description, with the identification of the various risk exposure has been done. Finally deliberations regarding the ranking have been given, and approaches of NSW government for risk control and mitigation has been evaluated. The diagram for Security contingencies identified by NSW government Figure 1: Security contingencies defined by NSW government (Source: Created by author) Deliberation of the diagram The above diagram shows the various factors and concerns that are considered as Information and security risk by NSW government. As per the illustration, the various internal and the external risk factor has been classified as deliberate and accidental threats components. The deliberate threats are willful damage and manipulation of data whereas accidental threats are random in nature and are hard to predict (Digital Information Security Policy | NSW ICT STRATEGY, 2016). The risk concept relationship shows the interdependence of the various security components regarding security risk and control. Information and security management system (ISMS) should be capable of analyzing threats efficiently hence its development is primarily concerned with the risk concept relationship. The risk concept link acts as the guideline for the formulation of both Code and ISMS and serves as the guideline for mitigation of security risks for NSW government (NSW Government Digital Information Security P olicy | NSW ICT STRATEGY, 2016). Identification of the areas of Risk Exposure Internal Risks are the threats that arise due to the internal factors like the employee of the organization or organizational policies. From the illustration, the various deliberate and the accidental threats that have been identified are classified into four segments (Pedersen, 2013). Thefts, Industrial action, failure of communication, fraud, failure of outsourced operation are treated as a high threat as any of the contingencies will cripple the system (Wehbi Oca Bourdelles, 2012). Social engineering and absence of valuable personnel have been given medium risk priority (Peltier, 2016). Unauthorized software changes, fire, misrouting of information are of medium-low risk, and low-risk factor has been allotted to sabotage piracy and errors committed by employees as they have low possibilities of happening. External risks result due to the factors that work outside the organizational aspect. These threats could be a result of persons trying to defame the organization or gain data to be ahead in the race. External accidental threats to contribute to the failure of the system. The high-security threats that can cripple the system are the denial of service, eavesdropping, unauthorized access and software programming errors (Ward Peppard, 2016). Malicious codes to cripple the system, destruction of data and technical failure are considered as medium level threats. Masquerade and repudiation are considered as medium-low level threats, and the low-level threats are unauthorized access, website intrusion and transmission error (Peltier, 2016). Analysis of Accidental and Deliberate threats Various organizations around the world have different codes and security management systems for ensuring data security of their organization. These security measures are targeted against both external and internal risks. The information security guideline formulated by NSW government gives a framework for threat reduction and mitigation for commercial risks (Peltier, 2016). Since the threats are evolving continuously in ICT (Information and communication technology), the security measures should be made stricter. Hence the NSW government faced a lot of challenges regarding accessibility and reliability. Deliberate threats can be understood as willful wrecking and manipulation of data by a human factor. The damage can be done both to hardware and software. The malicious human intent is the key to deliberate attacks. As stated Nassimbeni, Sartor and Dus (2012), most of the deliberate attacks are targeted at the websites of various organizations for stealing personal and financial data. There are few instances where companies were attacked for denial of services. Denial of services attack needs lesser expertise but is capable of creating chaos. Such attacks reduce the business and credibility of the organization (Wehbi Oca Bourdelles, 2012). Deliberate attacks include viruses, Trojan horses, malware, spyware, worm, phishing, keylogger, etc. (Tsalis, 2015). These attacks result in financial and confidentiality loss, loss of capability of organizations and can be a threat to life too. These attacks can be done through various means like pen drives emails etc. The accidental threats are random in nature and can be due to both environmental and human factors. These threats could be the result of an omission or an error. Accidental threats may be the resultant of sabotage but are most likely to be random errors or omissions (Burdon, Siganto Coles-Kemp, 2016). The accidental threats can lead to an extensive loss like financial, confidentiality and disruption of services. Disruption of communication is the most common form of accidental threats which can be the result of natural calamity. Also, programming errors due to users can result in corruption of information and data, which cannot be retrieved quickly, has been considered as a significant threat by NSW government. Ranking of the Threats Analysis of the various threats that have occurred in various organizations, it was observed that among deliberate, accidental and environmental threats, deliberate threats are most compromising compared to others (Klaic Golub, 2013). However, the other threats are real and need to be addressed with due consideration. The table below shows the ranking of the threats Threats Impact Ranking Deliberate Threats The detailed analysis on the topic shows that the threats that are most compromising are deliberate in nature. The factors like theft, fraud, masquerade, DOS, industrial action, etc. are all present under this umbrella and are known to create a maximum impact upon availability, accountability, reliability and authenticity of an organization, hence making it most dangerous. Very high Environmental Threat In this concern, most of the actors that result in defamation of a company are absent apart from reliability and accountability. These threats result in loss of services and impact is pretty moderate (Burdon, Siganto Coles-Kemp, 2016). High Accidental Threats Confidentiality and integrity of an organization are compromised in this security concern, but availability and reliability are not compromised hence making are less risky compared to other threats. Low Justification for Rankings of Threats It can be seen from the above table that the highest threat ranking has been given to deliberate risk. This has been done because the threat compromises with data privacy and security (Nassimbeni Sartor Dus, 2012). Such attacks can compromise every information available and needs not authorization for misusing it. This threat has highly affected NSW government and hence has been given the highest rank. A recent report on The Huffington Post discusses the same issue regarding the safety from hacking and cyber attacks (Pedersen, 2013). The report emphasizes the need for better security and practices to stop such attacks. An incident of website hacking that has defamed an organization can be seen in the report of Daily Mail which discusses the particulars regarding the divorce of a client resulted due to the leaking of data about the client of Ashley Madison (Dailymail.co.uk, 2016). Such news is a live example of the importance of information that is contained in a website and how thes e data can affect user's life. Accidental threats are a result of errors created by human and are very rare compared to other risks. Since the risks are very rare, and the impact upon the organization is low most of the times. Hence the threats are given low priority (Nassimbeni, Sartor Dus, 2012). The similar accident that exposed the golden keys that unlocks the secure Windows devices was reported in a report in Tech Times (Techtimes.com, 2016). Although no names were mentioned the report clearly states the mistake was done. Such accidental leaks give a hacker an additional edge over the inbuilt security, and hence should be prevented. One more similar incident regarding accidental exposure of driver detail of Uber shows that accidental security risk exposure is not uncommon (McCormick, 2015). The accident exposed the personal details of all drivers including the taxi certification forms and driving licenses. Challenges faced during Risk Management The NSW government faces various challenges regarding the security of information systems (NSW Government Digital Information Security Policy | NSW ICT STRATEGY, 2016). The issues faced by ICT are: Community for information security, are the various security communities adopted by the NSW government to mitigate the issues related to information systems (Peltier, 2016). These systems or communities are responsible for implementation of formulated policies within the system and in different regimes. Communication of events and incidents allows the dissemination of information about the various issues to other communities (Wehbi Oca Bourdelles, 2012). This allows other communities, and NSW government to be well prepared for the contingencies. Integrity within the system is another issue related to NSW government for standardizing information system security policies (Wang Lu, 2013). Integrity in the system allows authentication of different parameters related to the system and creation of team which constantly manages the security issues in the system. Risk and Uncertainty Risk and uncertainty play an important role in controlling the contingencies. The NSW government has considered the following difference for the same. Risks Uncertainty Meaning It is referred to the probability of losing or the contingencies from the perspective of information systems security. These are the contingencies that are unknown and cant be predicted. Contingencies Known Unknown Controllability Can be controlled Cannot be controlled Event Probability Can be assigned Cannot be assigned Contingency control Various approaches available with NSW government for Risk Control and Mitigation The NSW government has evaluated various approaches for control and management of several risks and threats. The framework can be broadly classified into following segments (NSW Government Digital Information Security Policy | NSW ICT STRATEGY, 2016). Sensitivity evaluation is the process by which the impact of various parameters of security issues on the system is evaluated (Damodaran, 2016). The analysis is used for appraisal and feasibility to combat the security issues that has occurred in NSW government. Sensitivity analysis also allow to understanding the threats that comes through information technology and the way of mitigating the threats in proper way. Scenario analysis is applied to for economic appraisal and study of the feasibility that is incorporated for mitigation of safety issues for controlling the risks in the system. Moreover, Burdon, Siganto and Coles-Kemp (2016) argued that scenario analysis helps in understanding the purpose of the NSW government and find out the policy in relation to information security. Review of decision is done to analyze the decisions taken by the organization employees that might risk the security (Klaic Golub, 2013). Hence this analysis allows only the appropriate decisions to overcome management oriented risks. Failure modes evaluate the impact of failure upon the system. This approach analyses mode of failure, budget risks created due to various contingencies (Singh Viswanadham, 2012). To overcome such contingencies faulty tree analysis and risk survey approach is evaluated in NSW government. Conclusion The aim of the report was to illustrate the current security risks and concerns that have been identified by NSW government. Hence for the analysis, a detailed diagram has been constructed with the help of Visio. The diagram was deliberated and the high, medium, medium-low, and low-risk components were identified. Intentional, environmental and accidental threats were discussed and were ranked for a better understanding of the threats that linger upon the industries. Finally, the mitigation approaches available with NSW has been reviewed and evaluated. Comparative analysis of risk and uncertainty was done, and finally, evaluations of different approaches available with NSW government have been done to mitigate the threats. References Dailymail.co.uk. (2016). Scorned wife launches first Ashley Madison divorce case Mail Online. 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